On October 9, 2019, the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) added 28 Chinese entities to the Entity List for their role in human rights violations in China's Xinjiang province. The additions include 20 governmental entities and eight artificial intelligence and surveillance companies. Effectively, these entities are no longer eligible to receive U.S.-origin goods, services, or technology, even those items not typically subject to export licensing requirements. BIS issued a press release stating that these additions were in response to reported human rights abuses in China's Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. This action comes only days before the next round of China/United States trade negotiations and targets Chinese emerging startup companies with cutting-edge technologies.